Happy Birthday RIP “Eve Arden”(Eunice Quedens 1908–1990) “Al Lewis”(Alexander Meister 1923–2006) Gary Collins(1938–2012) ; Cloris Leachman–88 Willie Nelson–81 Adrian Pasdar–49 Jeffrey Timmons–41 Johnny Galecki–39 Kirsten Dunst–32 Dianna Agron–28 ; 1900 – Hawaii becomes a territory of the United States, with Sanford B. Dole as governor
Happy Birthday RIP Edward “Duke” Ellington(1899–1974) ; Richard Klein–70 Nora Dunn–62 Jerome “Jerry” Seinfeld–60 Leslie Jordan–59 Katherine “Kate” Mulgrew–59 Daniel Day-Lewis–57 Michelle Pfeiffer–56 Eve Plumb–56 Jack Mackenroth–45 Uma Thurman–44 Andre Agassi–44 ; 1968 – The controversial musical Hair, a product of the hippie counter-culture and sexual revolution of the 1960s, opens at the Biltmore Theatre on Broadway, with its song becoming anthems of the anti-Vietnam War movement.
Happy Birthday RIP Carolyn Jones(1930–1983) Lionel Barrymore(1878–1954) ; Ann-Margret Olsson–73 James “Jay” Leno–64 Mary McDonnell–62 Jorge Garcia–41 Penélope Cruz Sánchez–40 Jessica Alba–33 ; 1932 – A vaccine for yellow fever is announced for use on humans.
Happy Birthday RIP Hiram Ulysses Grant(1822–1885) Walter Lantz(1899–1994) Jacob “Jack” Klugman(1922–2012) Robert Donner(1931–2006) ; Kemal “Casey” Kasem–82 Kate Pierson–66 Kevin McNally–58 Sheena Easton(Orr)–55 James Duke Mason–22 ; 1981 – Xerox PARC introduces the computer mouse.
Happy Birthday Carol Burnett–81 Jet Li Lian Jie( 李連杰) –51 Kevin George “James” Knipfing–49 Thomas “Tom” Welling–37 Channing Tatum–34 ; 1986 – A nuclear reactor accident occurs at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in the Soviet Union (now Ukraine), creating the world’s worst nuclear disaster. An explosion and fire in the No. 4 reactor sent radioactivity into the atmosphere; at least 31 people died immediately.
Happy Birthday RIP Ella Fitzgerald (1917–1996) ; George “Meadowlark” Lemon–82 Alfredo “Al” Pacino–74 Henry “Hank” Azaria–50 Andrew “Andy” Bell–50 Renée Zellweger–45 Jason Wiles–44 ; 1972 – Polaroid Corp. introduced its SX-70 folding camera, which ejected self-developing photographs.
Happy Birthday Shirley MacLean Beatty–80 Barabra Joan Streisand–72 Richard M. Daley–72 Jean-Paul Gaultier–62 Djimon Hounsou–50 Eric Balfour–37 Kelly Clarkson–32 ; 1800 – The United States Library of Congress is established when President John Adams signs legislation to appropriate $5,000 USD to purchase “such books as may be necessary for the use of Congress”
Happy Birthday RIP William Shakespeare(1564–1616) Roy Orbison(1936–1988) Hervé Villechaize(1943–1993) ; Shirley Temple Black(1928–2014) ; Alan Oppenheimer–84 Harvey Lee Yeary(“Lee Majors”)–75 Joyce DeWitt–65 Michael Moore–60 Valerie Bertinelli–54 ; 1635 – The first public school in the United States, Boston Latin School, is founded in Boston, Massachusetts.
Happy Birthday RIP Edward “Eddie” Albert Heimberger(1906–2005) Aaron Spelling(1923–2006) Bettie Page(1923–2008) ; Charlotte Rae Lubotsky–88 Glen Campbell–78 John “Jack” Nicholson–77 John Waters–68 Peter Frampton–64 Catherine Mary Stewart(Nursall)–55 Ryan Stiles–55 Byron Allen Folks–53 Jeffrey Dean Morgan–48 ; 1864 – The U.S. Congress passes the Coinage Act of 1864 that mandates that the inscription In God We Trust be placed on all coins minted as United States currency. ; 1993 – Version 1.0 of the Mosaic web browser is released by NCSA Urbana (core basics of most html browsers today)
Happy Birthday Queen Elizabeth Mary Windsor–88 Charles Grodinsky–79 James Osterberg(“Iggy Pop”)–67 Patti LuPone–65 Anthony Iadanza(“Tony Danza”)–63 Rosalie “Andie” MacDowell–56 Robert Smith–55 John Cameron Mitchell–51 Nicole Sullivan–44 James McAvoy–35 ; 1989 – In Beijing, around 100,000 students gather in Tiananmen Square to commemorate Chinese reform leader Hu Yaobang.
Happy Birthday RIP Luther Vandross(1951–2005) ; Hosato “George” Takei(武井 穂郷) –77 Charles “Ryan” O’Neal–73 Jessica Lange–65 Crispin Glover–50 “Carmen Electra”(Tara Patrick)–42 Joseph Lawrence Mignogna–38 ; 1916 – The Chicago Cubs play their first game at Weeghman Park (currently Wrigley Field), defeating the Cincinnati Reds 7–6 in 11 innings.
Happy Birthday RIP Vera Jayne Palmer(“Jayne Mansfield” 1933–1967) Richard Cox(“Dick Sargent” 1930–1994) Dudley Moore(1935–2002) ; Tim Curry–68 Anne Paloma Ruiz-Picasso y Gilot–65 Ashley Ciminella(“Judd”)–46 James Franco–36 Kate Hudson–35 Hayden Christensen–33 ; 1971 – Charles Manson is sentenced to death (later commuted life imprisonment) for conspiracy to commit the Tate/LaBianca murders.
Happy Birthday Barbara Hale–92 Hayley Mills–68 James Woods–67 Frederick “Rick” Moranis–61 Eric Roberts–58 Jane Leeves–53 Eric McCormack–51 Conan O’Brien–51 David Tennant(McDonald)–43 Eli Roth–42 Sean Maguire–38 Melissa Joan Hart–38 ; 1906 – a major earthquake struck San Francisco and set off raging fires. More than 3,000 people died.
Happy Birthday RIP William Holden(Beedle 1918–1981) Donald Kirshner(1934–2011) John “J. P.” Morgan(1837–1913) ; Michael Sembello–60 Shaun Bean–55 Elizabeth “Liz” Phair–47 Jennifer Garner–42 Victoria Adams-Beckham–39 ; 1937 – Daffy Duck’s first appearance, in Porky’s Duck Hunt ; 1969 – Sirhan Sirhan is convicted of assassinating Robert F. Kennedy
Happy Birthday RIP Sir Charlie Chaplin (1889–1977) Enrico “Henry” Mancini(1924–1994) ; Stanley “Bobby” Vinton–79 Kareem Abdul-Jabbar(Ferdinand Alcindor)–67 Ellen Barkin–60 Jonathan Cryer–49 Martin Lawrence–49 Peter Billingsley–43 Lukas Haas–38 ; 1962 – Walter Cronkite succeeded Douglas Edwards as anchorman of “The CBS Evening News.”
Happy Birthday RIP Elizabeth Montgomery(1933–1995) ; Linda Bloodworth-Thomason–67 Heloise Cruse Evans–63 Emma Thompson–55 Seth Rogen–32 Emma Watson–24 ; 1912 – The British passenger liner RMS Titanic sinks in the North Atlantic at 2:20 a.m., two hours and forty minutes after hitting an iceberg. Only 710 of 2,227 passengers and crew on board survive.
Happy Birthday RIP Arthur John Gielgud (1904–2000) Rodney Steiger(1925–2002) Johanna “Anne” Sullivan Macy(1866–1936) ; Loretta “Lynn” Webb–82 Julie Christie–73 Peter Rose–73 John Shea–65 Brad “Garrett”(Gerstenfeld)–54 Robert Carlyle–53 Michael Anthony Hall–46 Adrien Brody–41 Sarah Michelle Gellar–37 ; 1828 – Noah Webster copyrights the first edition of his dictionary ; 1865 – President Lincoln was shot and mortally wounded by John Wilkes Booth while attending the comedy “Our American Cousin” at Ford’s Theater in Washington, D.C. He died the next day.
Happy Birthday RIP Samuel Beckett(1906–1989) Donald Yarmy(“Don Adams” 1923–2005) ; Lyle Waggoner–79 Paul Sorvino–75 Tony Dow–69 Albert Greene–68 Ronald Perlman–64 William Sadler–64 Robert “Peabo” Bryson–63 Caroline Rhea–50 Richard “Ricky” Schroder–44 ; 1870 – The New York City Metropolitan Museum of Art is founded. ; 1902 – James C. Penney opens his first store in Kemmerer, Wyoming.
Happy Birthday RIP Johnnie Collier(“Ann Miller” 1923–2004) Charles Napier(1936–2011) Herbert Khaury(“Tiny Tim” 1932–1996) Thomas Clancy Jr(1947–2013) ; Herbert Hancock–74 Edward O’Neill–68 David Letterman–67 David Cassidy–64 Thomas Noonan–63 Andrés “Andy” García Menéndez–58 Shannen Doherty–43 Nicholas Brendon Schultz–43 Claire Danes–35 Jennifer Morrison–35 ; 1955 – The polio vaccine, developed by Dr. Jonas Salk, is declared safe and effective.
Happy Birthday RIP Oleg Cassini Loiewski(1913–2006) Ethel Kennedy(Skakel)–86 Joel Grey(Katz)–82 Meshach Taylor–67 Michele Scarabelli–59 Lisa Stansfield–48 ; 1976 – The Apple I is created.
Happy Birthday RIP Joseph Pulitzer(1847–1911) Kevin “Chuck” Connors(1921–1992) Harry Morgan(Bratsberg 1915–2011) ; Carl “Max” von Sydow–85 Michel Shalhoub(عمر الشريف “Omar Sharif”)–81 John Madden–78 Lee Capellaro(“Ving”)–64 Steven Seagal–62 Brian Setzer–55 Katrina Leskanich–54 Charlie Hunnam–34 Michael Pitt–33 Amanda “Mandy” Moore–30 Haley Joel Osment–26 ; 1866 – The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) is founded in New York City by Henry Bergh. ; 1912 – The RMS Titanic leaves port in Southampton, England for her only voyage.
Happy Birthday RIP Avery Schreiber(1935–2002) ; Hugh Hefner–88 Michael Learned–75 Dennis Quaid–60 Marc Jacobs–51 Cynthia Nixon–48 Jennifer Massoli(“Jenna Jameson”)–40 Keshia Knight Pulliam–35 Jonathan Baruchel–32 Leighton Meester–28 Jesse McCartney–27 Kristen Stewart–24 Mary Elle Fanning–16 ; 1867 – Alaska purchase: Passing by a single vote, the United States Senate ratifies a treaty with Russia for the purchase of Alaska.
Happy Birthday RIP Elizabeth “Betty” Ford(1918–2011) ; Sheldon Greenfield(“Shecky Greene”)–88 Vivienne Westwood(Swire)–73 John Schneider III–54 Jeffrey “Izzy” Isbell–52 Julian Lennon–51 Robin Wright–48 Patricia Arquette–46 ; 1913 – The 17th amendment to the Constitution, providing for the popular election of U.S. senators, was ratified.
Happy Birthday RIP Ian Richardson(1934–2007) “Billie Holiday”(Elinore Harris 1915–1959) ; James Bumgarner(“Garner”)–86 William “Wayne” Rogers III–81 Jerry Brown–76 Francis Ford Coppola–75 John Oates–65 Kong-sang “Jackie” Chan( 陳港生)–60 Russell Crowe–50 ; 1967 – Film critic Roger Ebert published his very first film review in the Chicago Sun-Times
Happy Birthday Billy December Williams–77 Merle Haggard–77 John Ratzenberger–67 Patrika Darbo–66 Mary Lucy Henner–62 Paul Rudd–45 Anders Jensen–42 Zachary Braff–39 Candace Cameron–38 ; 1909 – Robert Peary and Matthew Henson reach the North Pole. ; 1947 – The first Tony Awards are presented for theatrical achievement at the Waldorf Astoria hotel in New York City.
Happy Birthday RIP Eldred Gregory Peck(1916–2003) Ruth “Bette” Davis(1908–1989) Spencer Tracy(1900–1967) ; Colin Powell–77 Maxwell Gail–71 Åse Agneta Fältskog–64 Thea Gill–44 Pharrell Williams–41 ; 1792 – U.S. President George Washington exercises his authority to veto a bill, the first time this power is used in the United States.
Happy Birthday RIP Heath Ledger(1979–2008) Anthony Perkins(1932–1992) ; Estelle Nussbaum(“Harris”)–86 Craig T. Nelson–70 Hugo Weaving–54 Graham Walker(“Norton”)–51 David Cross–50 Robert Downey Jr–49 Nancy McKeon–48 James Rodriguez(“Roday”)–38 ; 1850 – The city of Los Angeles was incorporated ; 1968 – Martin Luther King, Jr. was assassinated by James Earl Ray at a motel in Memphis, Tennessee.
Happy Birthday RIP Marlon Brando(1924–2004) ; Doris Kappelhoff(“Doris Day”)–91 Dame Valerie Jane Morris Goodall–80 Marsha Mason–72 Carson “Wayne” Newton–72 Michael Orlando Cassavitis(“Tony Orlando”)–70 Alexander “Alec” Baldwin III–56 David Hyde Pierce–55 Edward “Eddie” Murphy–53 Jamie Bamber Griffith–41 ; 1860 – The Pony Express began service between St. Joseph, Mo., and Sacramento, Calif. ; 1968 – Martin Luther King, Jr. delivers his “I’ve Been to the Mountaintop” speech.
Happy Birthday RIP Alec Guinness de Cuffe(1914–2000) Marvin Gaye(1939–1984) Christian “Buddy” Ebsen(1908–2003) Ronald Paolillo(1949–2012) Rodney King III(1965–2012) ; Emmylou Harris–67 Christopher Meloni–53 Michael Fassbender–37 Aiden Turner–37 ; 1902 – “Electric Theatre”, the first full-time movie theater in the United States, opens in Los Angeles, California ; 1956 – As The World Turns debuts on CBS-TV
Happy Birthday RIP Leonidas “Lon” Chaney(1883–1930) Gordon Jump(1932–2003) ; “Jane Powell”(Suzanne Bruce)–85 Mary “Debbie” Reynolds–82 Elizabeth “Ali” MacGraw–75 Barry Sonnenfeld–61 Susan Boyle–53 Rachel Maddow–41 Sam Huntington–32 Matt Lanter–31 Hillary Scott–28 ; 1891 – The Wrigley Company is founded in Chicago, Illinois ; 1970 – President Richard Nixon signs the Public Health Cigarette Smoking Act into law, requiring the Surgeon General’s warnings on tobacco products and banning cigarette advertisements on television and radio in the United States, starting on January 1, 1971